Things to Know about Non-Communicable Diseases

Diseases can be mainly categorized into two types; they are as communicable and non-communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are those that spread from one person to another and non-communicable disease are those that do not spread from one to another.

The most common non communicable diseases that add to worldwide mortality are ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and strokes. These are very common diseases that most people acquire as they grow older. There are a lot of risk factors that contribute to these diseases. And managing those risk factors can help prevent acquiring them in the first place. In order to have a good quality of life, it is important we avoid getting these diseases.

Diseases Contributing to High Mortality Around the World

The non-communicable diseases that lead to a large number of deaths of people are ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and strokes. Ischemic heart diseases are heart attacks which can come in the form of angina or a myocardial infarction. The difference between them is while angina causes reduced blood flow to a part of the heart muscle causing the muscle to strain, an infraction leads to death of heart muscle due to complete obstruction of blood flow to a part of the heart muscle.

Hypertension is when there is increased pressure of blood in blood vessels causing damage to important organs like the eyes, kidneys and the heart. Diabetes mellitus is when years of high sugar intake causes the hormone insulin, which is normally responsible for taking sugar from the blood into cells, stops doing that.

As a result, there is high sugar in the blood which leads to damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. Stroke is when there is obstruction of blood flow to the brain cells causing them to die. Brain cells unlike other cells in the body, once dead can never be the same again. As a result, a patient will have permanent effects like paralysis, cognitive impairment, speech impairment, swallowing problems and other focal deficits.

Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases

The risk factors can be divided mainly into two as modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Non modifiable risk factors would be like genetics, age, gender and other. For example, ischemic heart disease risk is higher in elderly males, especially if they have a family history of heart attacks. The knowledge of these risks can help the person to lead a healthy lifestyle to avoid the disease but the risks themselves are beyond their control.

On the other hand, the modifiable risk factors are what you can control. They can be an unhealthy diet with food rich in saturated fats, salt and sugar, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, high alcohol intake and stress. It is a good idea to pay a visit to health retreats Sydney if you want to start managing these risk factors. You will receive not only knowledge but also guidance on getting rid of these risk factors in order to safeguard yourself against non-communicable diseases.

Educate yourself about non-communicable diseases and safeguard yourself by controlling its risk factors.


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